Upaniṣads: A repository of some of humanity’s earliest philosophical explorations – including an appearance by the first documented female philosopher, Gargi. Through dialogues, stories, debates, and arguments, various figures investigate questions about the nature of reality and its relationship to the self. Among them: Who am I? What is the self (ātman)? How is the self related to consciousness (cit)? Is the empirical world of spatio-temporality really real? What ethical virtues (non-harm or ahiṃsā, compassion or daya) lead to enlightenment (mokṣa)? [recommended by Ashwani Peetush, Wilfrid Laurier University]

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